Moths & beetles:

 

Several species of moths and beetles are capable of causing damage to textiles in the home or workplace. Adult moths do not feed on textiles, it is the keratin loving larvae that are responsible for the damage. They are one of the few insects capable of metabolising the proteins found in organic keratin rich materials such as the hair and nails of most mammals. As such carpets and clothing containing  any natural fibres are at risk. A broad spectrum residual spray treatment correctly applied will deal with the most severe infestation where vacuuming / washing and dehumidification has not been successful. Any clothing that might be harboring moths at any life stage should be hot washed and sealed prior to any treatment.

 

Our guaranteed treatments start at only £60 and we will initially inspect your property free of charge to make sure that the moths in question are definitely a nuisance pest species before carrying out any treatment. Give us a call now on: 02921971010.

 

 

Textile Pests

 

Varied Carpet Beetle

 

They are round in shape and covered in a variety of colours, they are 2-4 mm in length.

 

Life Cycle: Egg > Larva > Pupa > Adult. The life cycle lasts about 7-14 months.

 

The larvae are covered in dark brown hairs, because of their appearance they are sometimes known as 'woolly bears'. They damage objects that contain hair, wool, fur, feathers, horn and silk, including clothes and furnishings.

 

If material is heavily infested, it should be removed and destroyed and the infected area should be vacuumed, including cracks and crevices.

 

Regular cleaning e.g. washing, dry cleaning or steam cleaning can protect textiles, as pests prefer undisturbed areas such as under furniture. A residue insecticide can then be applied.

 

Fur Beetle

 

They have one white spot on each wing case and are 4-6 mm in length.

 

Life Cycle: Egg > Larva > Pupa > Adult. The life cycle lasts 6-36 months.

 

The larva is similar to the Carpet Beetle but covered in golden-brown hairs. Fur beetles cause damage along the seams of fabric where the grubs bite through the thread leaving well-defined round holes.

 

Once the source of the infestation is identified it has to be removed. The larvae can stray, so to eliminate an infestation a thorough examination is essential.

 

Common Clothes Moth

 

The common clothes moth is between 5-7 mm in length and golden brown in colour.

 

Life Cycle: Egg > Larva > Pupa > Adult. The life cycle lasts around 3-10 months.

 

The adult female produces between 40-50 eggs then dies. An adult moth hatches after pupation in 2-6 weeks. All species of clothes moths can be distinguished by their folding wings like a tent along their backs. They either fly into buildings through open windows and doors but sometimes can be imported into a property by tapestries, fabrics, soft furnishings and furniture. Although the moths are harmless, their larvae cause damage to clothing and other textiles, as they feed on fabrics produced from animals e.g. wool and fur.

 

Larvae can be difficult to spot as they turn away from light. When disturbed they tend to scurry rather than fly. The damage they cause is much more obvious. Once discovered, infested items should be removed and residual insecticides applied to the surrounding area.

 

Brown House Moth

 

The adult moth can grow to a maximum of 8mm and is uniformly shiny gold flecked with dark brown. It feeds on dry animal protein, including feathers, hair and wool.

 

The adult lays eggs singly, very near to a food source on which the larvae will feed 2-4 weeks later (depending on the temperature). Once hatched they can take between 2-5 months to develop through to the pupal stage which is formed inside a tough silken cocoon. 2-8 weeks later the adult moth emerges and lives between 1-4 weeks. Control is similar to that of the clothes moth.

 

Case Bearing Clothes Moth

 

This species is similar in appearance to the common clothes moth, with the larvae feeding on particles of woolen clothing, furniture fillings, furs and carpets.

 

The larvae spin a silken case around themselves and this case is carried around when the larvae move (hence the name). The damage is solely caused by the larvae feeding. The case is off white in colour and is approximately 5mm long. Control is similar to that of the clothes moth.

 

 

 

Damage to carpet caused by case bearing moth larvae.

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The Fur Beetle.

The Common Clothes Moth.

The Brown House Moth

The Varied Carpet Beetle.